Developed by Karl Chauffe and Mark Jefferies, the exercises in this lab manual are designed to make use of safe, readily available, inexpensive, and reusable material. Most of the labs are group-based activities that demonstrate principles discussed in lecture. The exercises require minimal prerequisite knowledge of science and math. Key Features of this Manual: -Most exercises are now based upon hypothetical locations with no geographical basis, offering a neutral scenario for discussion. -Expanded discussion of hot spots with illustrations. -New exercises on identifying plate tectonic features from maps. -Expanded section and exercises on the phases of the Moon and their relationship to the tides.